Born in 1798 in Saratoga County, N.Y., Abigail Powers Fillmore developed a passion for learning early in life. Financial
circumstances forced her to begin working at the age of 16 as a teacher while she continued her own education. While teaching at
the New Hope Academy in Sempronius, N.Y., she met her future husband Millard Fillmore.
The coin's obverse (heads side), designed by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill, features a likeness of Abigail
Fillmore. Inscriptions are ABIGAIL FILLMORE, IN GOD WE TRUST, LIBERTY, 2010, 13th and 1850-1853. The reverse (tails), design, by
Artistic Infusion Program Master Designer Susan Gamble, depicts Mrs. Fillmore shelving books in the library that she established
at the White House.
After their marriage, she continued to teach for another two years until their first child was born, making her the first
presidential spouse to hold a paying job after her marriage. Throughout her life, she continued her zeal for self-improvement by
reading voraciously, attending lectures and congressional debates, and participating in political discussions.
Perhaps her most lasting contribution as first lady was her work in establishing a permanent White House library, for which
President Fillmore asked Congress to appropriate funds. With $2,000 authorized for the project, Mrs. Fillmore acquired several
hundred volumes to start the collection in a second floor oval parlor. Here, she enjoyed entertaining such guests as authors
Washington Irving, Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray. Mrs. Fillmore also spent many hours selecting and arranging
books for the library.
2010 - First Lady Jane Pierce, 1853–1857
The coin's obverse (heads side) and reverse (tails) designs are both by Artistic Infusion Program Master Designer Donna Weaver.
The obverse features an image of Jane Pierce with the inscriptions JANE PIERCE, IN GOD WE TRUST, LIBERTY, 2010, 14th and
1853-1857. The reverse depicts Mrs. Pierce sitting in the visitor's gallery of the Old Senate Chamber in the U.S. Capitol
The daughter of a devout Congregationalist minister, Jane Appleton Pierce was born on March 12, 1806, in Hampton, N.H. Her father
later moved the family to Brunswick, Maine, when he became president of Bowdoin College, her future alma mater. Bowdoin College
was also where Jane met her future husband, Franklin Pierce.
They married in 1834, eight years after they first met. Two years into her husband's presidency, Jane Pierce emerged from an
extended period of mourning after the death of her son. She began to attend receptions and dinner parties, and even organized a
few of her own.
By 1856, she was venturing out in Washington, regularly visiting the U.S. Capitol Building, where she sat in the Senate visitor's
gallery listening to heated debates over the issue of slavery.
After President Pierce left office, the couple sailed the Caribbean on board the U.S.S. Powhatan, a government ship loaned to
them by his successor, President James Buchanan.
2010 - First Lady of James Buchanan, 1857–1861
President James Buchanan was not married. The obverse (heads side) design of James Buchanan's Liberty First Spouse Gold Coin is a
reproduction of the Liberty Head Quarter Eagle designed by Christian Gobrecht minted and issued from 1840 through 1907, with the
inscriptions LIBERTY, 2010, IN GOD WE TRUST, 1857 and 1861, and 15th PRESIDENCY.
President James Buchanan was not married. The reverse (tails) design, by Artistic Infusion Program Associate Designer David
Westwood, depicts the future President as a boy working as a bookkeeper in his family's small country store.
2010 - First Lady Mary Lincoln, 1861–1865
Mary Todd Lincoln was born on December 13, 1818, in Lexington, Ky. It was here that she cultivated her love for politics. Later,
in Springfield, Ill., she met Abraham Lincoln and they married in 1842.
When her husband was first elected to Congress in 1847, Mary directed all her energy into helping advance his career and ultimately
his bid for the presidency. After Lincoln became President in 1861, Mary served enthusiastically as his confidant and advisor. She
hosted public receptions at the White House, which she called "handshake days," on which hundreds of people, including blacks,
would crowd into the East Room to greet her and the President. She visited wounded Union soldiers, bringing them food, books and
flowers and writing letters to relatives on their behalf.
Just weeks after beginning his second term in March 1865, President Lincoln was assassinated by Southern sympathizer John Wilkes
Booth, and Mary later retired to Hyde Park, Ill. She spent several summers abroad with her surviving children and died peacefully
The coin's obverse (heads side), designed by United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill, features a likeness of Mary
Todd Lincoln with the inscriptions MARY TODD LINCOLN, IN GOD WE TRUST, LIBERTY, 2010, 16th and 1861-1865. The reverse (tails),
designed by Artistic Infusion Program Master Designer Joel Iskowitz, depicts Mary Todd Lincoln bringing wounded Union soldiers
flowers and books.