Born at Greeneville, Tennessee, the only child of John McCardle, a shoemaker, and Sarah Phillips-McCardle, her father died when
Eliza was still in her teens. She was raised by her widowed mother in Greeneville, Tennessee. One day in September 1826,
Eliza was chatting with classmates from Rhea Academy when she spotted Andrew Johnson and his family pull into town with all their
belongings. They instantly took a liking to each other. Andrew Johnson, 18, married Eliza McCardle, 16, on May 17, 1827, at the
home of the bride's mother in Greeneville. Mordecai Lincoln, a distant relative of Abraham Lincoln, presided over the nuptials.
She supported her husband in his political career, but had tried to avoid public appearances. During the American Civil War,
Confederate authorities ordered her to evacuate her home in Greeneville; she took refuge in Nashville, Tennessee.
A few months later after her husband became president, she joined him in the White House, but she was not able to serve as First
Lady due to her poor health from tuberculosis. She remained confined to her bedroom there, leaving the social chores to her
daughter Martha Johnson Patterson. Mrs. Johnson appeared publicly as First Lady on only two occasions—at a reception for Queen
Emma of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1866 and at the president's birthday party in 1867.
The reverse design depicts three children dancing and a Marine Band fiddler playing at the children's ball that was held for
President Johnson's 60th birthday.
2011 - First Lady Julia Grant, 1869–1877
Julia Boggs Dent was born at White Haven plantation west of St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Frederick and Ellen Wrenshaw Dent,
a slaveholding planter and merchant. Julia was one of eight children and "according to a biography of Grant posted to the White
House Website Grant once wrote that her childhood consisted of "one long summer of sunshine, flowers, and smiles." All her life,
she suffered from a medical condition called strabismus (cross-eyed).
Julia attended the Misses Mauros' boarding school in St. Louis for seven years among the daughters of other affluent parents.
She excelled in art and voice. A social favorite in that circle, she met Ulysses at her home, where her family welcomed him as a
West Point classmate of her brother Frederick. She soon felt lonely without him, dreamed of him, and agreed to wear his West Point
After many years of hardship and stress, Julia rejoiced in her husband's fame as a victorious general and she entered the White
House in 1869 to begin, in her words, "the happiest period" of her life and "I am very fond of society and enjoyed to the fullest
extent the opportunity afforded me at the White House." With Cabinet wives as her allies, she entertained extensively and
lavishly. The social highlight of the Grant years was the White House wedding of their daughter in 1874. Contemporaries noted her
finery, jewels, and silks and laces.
This reverse design depicts a young Julia Dent and Ulysses S. Grant, then a West Point cadet, horseback riding at her family's
plantation, White Haven.
2011 - First Lady Lucy Hayes, 1877–1881
Born in Chillicothe, Ohio, the daughter of James Webb, a doctor, and Maria Cook-Webb, Lucy was descended from seven veterans of
the American Revolution. Her father died when she was a child. After his death, she, her mother and the other children freed the
family slaves and continued to give them assistance and show an interest in their welfare.
With her mother, she moved to Delaware, Ohio where in 1847 she met Rutherford B. Hayes. Later that year, she enrolled at Wesleyan
Women’s College, class of 1850, from which she graduated with first honors; she was the first First Lady to earn a college degree
and was a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.
As First Lady, Hayes brought her zeal to the White House and supported her husband's ban of alcoholic beverages at state
functions, excepting only the reception for Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia in 1877, at which wine was served. The Hayes
had a lifelong habit of avoiding alcoholic beverages.
The reverse design of the coin depicts Lucy Hayes' participation in the first Easter Egg Roll held at the White House.
2011 - First Lady Lucretia Garfield, 1861
Born in Hiram, Ohio, the daughter of Zeb Rudolph, a farmer and co-founder of the Eclectic Institute at Hiram, and Arabella Mason
Rudolph, Lucretia "Crete" Rudolph was a devout member of the Churches of Christ. Her ancestry includes German, Welsh, English and
Irish; Lucretia Garfield's paternal great-grandfather immigrated to Pennsylvania (in a part that is now Delaware) from
She first met James Garfield in 1849 when they were classmates at Geauga Seminary in Chester, Ohio, and followed him to the
Eclectic Institute, where he began courting her. Garfield was attracted to her keen intellect and appetite for knowledge. While
Garfield went on to Williams College, she taught school in Cleveland, Ohio and Bayou, Ohio.
Garfield's election to the presidency brought a cheerful family to the White House in 1881. Though Mrs. Garfield was not
particularly interested in a First Lady's social duties, she was deeply conscientious and her genuine hospitality made her dinners
and twice-weekly receptions enjoyable. At the age of 49 she was still a slender, graceful little woman with clear dark eyes, her
brown hair beginning to show traces of silver.
As First Lady, Mrs. Garfield researched the history of the White House furnishings with a view to restoring it to its former
glory, but she contracted malaria and was unable to pursue the project.
The reverse design represents Lucretia Garfield's interest in art and features her painting on a canvas with brush and palette