Alice Paul (January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977) was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and the main leader
and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits sex discrimination in
the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, Paul strategized the events, such as the Woman Suffrage Procession and the
Silent Sentinels, which led the successful campaign that resulted in its passage in 1920.
After 1920, Paul spent a half century as leader of the National Woman's Party, which fought for her Equal Rights Amendment to
secure constitutional equality for women. She won a large degree of success with the inclusion of women as a group protected
against discrimination by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. She insisted that her National Woman's Party focus on the legal status of
all women and resisted calls to address issues like birth control.
The reverse design depicts a participant marching in the suffrage parade, holding the flag and wearing the banner "Votes for Women".
2012 - First Lady Frances Cleveland, 1886–1889
Frances Clara Folsom Cleveland Preston (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947) was married to the President of the United States Grover
Cleveland and was the First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889 and again from 1893 to 1897. Becoming First Lady at
age 21, she remains the youngest wife of a sitting president.
Frances Folsom, who was 21 years old, married President Grover Cleveland, age 49, on June 2, 1886, at the White House. This was
the only time a president married in the Executive Mansion, and Frances was the only First Lady to marry in the White House.
The new First Lady was the object of intense media interest. She took over the duties of being White House hostess, and her
charm let her win popularity. She held two receptions a week—one on Saturday afternoons, when women with jobs were free to come.
Cleveland's sister Rose Cleveland had been her bachelor brother's hostess in the first 15 months of his first term of office.
After her brother's marriage, Rose happily gave up the duties of hostess for her own work in education.
The reverse design depicts the working women's receptions that Mrs. Cleveland often held at the White House.
2012 - First Lady Caroline Harrison, 1889–1892
Caroline Scott Harrison (October 1, 1832 – October 25, 1892), was a teacher of music, the wife of Benjamin Harrison and mother
of two surviving children; after his election as President of the United States, she was First Lady of the United States from
1889 until her death.
She secured funding for an extensive renovation of the White House and oversaw the work. Interested in history and preservation,
in 1890 she helped found the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) and served as its first President
The First Lady tried to have the overcrowded mansion enlarged, but was unsuccessful. She did secure $35,000 in appropriations from
Congress to renovate the White House; and she oversaw an extensive project making up-to-date improvements.
She had the mansion purged of problem rodent and insect populations, laid new floors, installed new plumbing, painted and
wallpapered, and added more bathrooms. In 1891 she had electricity installed but was too frightened to handle the switches. She
left the lights on all night and a building engineer turned them off each morning.
In 1889 Caroline Harrison raised the first Christmas tree in the White House, as the custom was becoming more popular. She
introduced the use of orchids as the official floral decoration at state receptions. A talented artist, she conducted
china-painting classes in the White House for other women; it was a popular craft of the time.
The reverse design represents Mrs. Harrison's love of flowers, depicting a close-up of an orchid and paint brushes.
2012 - First Lady Frances Cleveland, 1893–1897
After Grover Cleveland was defeated in the 1888 presidential election, the Clevelands lived in New York City. Upon leaving the
White House at the end of her husband's first term, Cleveland is reported to have told the staff to take care of the building
since the Clevelands would be returning in four years. She proved correct, becoming the only First Lady to preside at two
After her husband's death in 1908, Cleveland remained in Princeton, New Jersey. On February 10, 1913, at the age of 48, she
married Thomas J. Preston, Jr., a professor of archaeology at her alma mater, Wells College. She was the first presidential
widow to remarry. She was vacationing at St. Moritz, Switzerland, with her daughters Marion and Esther and her son Francis when
World War I erupted in August 1914. They returned to the United States via Genoa on October 1, 1914. During the Great Depression
of the 1930s, she led the Needlework Guild of America in its clothing drive for the poor.
The reverse design depicts an event emblematic of Mrs. Cleveland's popularity with the public.