Ida was born in Canton, Ohio, the elder daughter of James Saxton, prominent Canton banker, and Katherine DeWalt. Her grandfather,
John Saxton, in 1815 founded The Repository, the city's first and now its only newspaper. A graduate of Brook Hall Seminary, a
finishing school in Media, Pennsylvania, Ida was refined, charming, and strikingly attractive when she met William "Bill" McKinley
at a picnic in 1867.
Possessed of a fragile, nervous temperament, Mrs. McKinley broke down under the loss of her mother and two young daughters within
a short span of time. She developed epilepsy and became totally dependent on her husband. President McKinley took great care to
accommodate her condition. In a break with tradition, he insisted that his wife be seated next to him at state dinners rather than
at the other end of the table. At receiving lines, she alone remained seated. Many of the social chores normally assumed by the
First Lady fell to Mrs. Jennie Tuttle Hobart, wife of Vice President Garret Hobart.
The reverse design Depicts two hands crocheting, representative of Mrs. McKinley's work crocheting thousands of slippers that were auctioned off
2013 - First Lady Edith Roosevelt, 1901–1909
Edith was born in Norwich, Connecticut, to merchant Charles Carow and Gertrude Elizabeth Tyler. Gertrude's father Daniel Tyler
served as Union general in the American Civil War. Edith grew up next door to Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr. in New York and was
best friends with his younger sister Corinne.
At Miss Comstock's school, Edith acquired the proper finishing touch for a young lady of that era. A quiet girl who loved books,
she was often T.R.'s companion for summer outings at Oyster Bay, Long Island; but this ended when he entered Harvard College in
1876. Although she attended his wedding to Alice Hathaway Lee in 1880, their lives ran separately until 1885.
After William McKinley's assassination, she assumed her new duties as First Lady with characteristic dignity. She meant to guard
the privacy of a family that attracted everyone's interest, and she tried to keep reporters outside her domain. As First Lady, her
first "symbolic" activity was to throw open the windows to let in sunlight and fresh air while dissipating the "dark, musty"
atmosphere. She rearranged the furniture after this as well, but a few days later, when the White House was "partly settled,"
Edith collapsed into a "heavy sleep" for 48 hours. During the president's administration, the White House was unmistakably the
social center of the land.
The reverse of this coin features the White House with a slightly off-center column and compass, representing Mrs. Roosevelt's
work in the restoration of the White House in 1902.
2013 - First Lady Helen Taft, 1909–1913
Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Nellie was the fourth of eleven children of Judge John Williamson Herron, a college classmate with
Benjamin Harrison and a law partner of Rutherford B. Hayes. Her mother Harriet Collins Herron was the daughter and the sister of
the U.S. congressmen; Nellie's grandfather, Ela Collins and uncle William Collins were both members of Congress.
In May 1909, Nellie Taft suffered a stroke, impairing her speech, right arm and leg. The stroke happened at the beginning of her
husband's first year of being the president. Assisted by her four sisters, she continued her functions as White House host
until she recovered with the help of her husband.
"Nellie" Taft was the first First Lady to ride in her husband’s inauguration parade, which she did despite adverse weather. She
started to receive guests three afternoons a week in the Red Room. At times, she attended the cabinet meetings with the President
without speaking on the issues. She introduced musical entertainment after state dinners which became a White House tradition.
The reverse of the coin features a branch of Japanese cherry blossoms, symbolizing Mrs. Taft’s instrumental role in bringing the
cherry trees to Washington, D.C.
2013 - First Lady Ellen Wilson, 1913–1914
Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 – August 6, 1914), was the first wife of Woodrow Wilson and the mother of his three
daughters. Like her husband, she was a Southerner from a slave-owning family, as well as the daughter of a clergyman. She and
was born in Savannah, Georgia, but raised in Rome, Georgia. Having an artistic bent, she studied at the Art Students League of
New York before her marriage, and continued to produce art in later life.
After Wilson was elected as president in 1912, the Wilsons had preferred to begin the administration without an inaugural ball.
The First Lady's entertainments were simple, but her unaffected cordiality made her parties successful. In their first year, she
convinced her scrupulous husband that it would be perfectly proper to invite influential legislators to a private dinner, and
when such an evening led to agreement on a tariff bill, he told a friend, "You see what a wise wife I have!"
She died of Bright's disease on August 6, 1914. The day before her death, she made her physician promise to tell Wilson "later"
that she hoped he would marry again; she murmured at the end, "...take good care of my husband."
The reverse of the coin features an image of roses with the White House in the background, a tribute to Mrs. Wilson's creation of
the White House Rose Garden.
2013 - First Lady Edith Wilson, 1915–1921
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, second wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921.
She met the President in March 1915 and they married nine months later. Edith was born October 15, 1872 in Wytheville, Virginia
to circuit court judge William Holcombe Bolling and his wife Sarah "Sallie" Spears née White.
In March 1915, the widow Galt was introduced to widower U.S. President Woodrow Wilson at the White House by Helen Woodrow Bones,
the president's first cousin and official White House hostess since the death of Ellen Wilson, the president's first wife. Wilson
took an instant liking to Mrs. Galt and his admiration grew swiftly into love.
As First Lady during World War I, Mrs. Wilson observed gasless Sundays, meatless Mondays, and wheatless Wednesdays to set an
example for the federal rationing effort. Similarly, she set sheep to graze on the White House lawn rather than waste manpower
in mowing it and auctioned off their wool for the benefit of the American Red Cross.
Though the new First Lady had sound qualifications for the role of hostess, the social aspect of the administration was
overshadowed by war in Europe and abandoned after the United States formally entered the conflict in 1917, and she became the
first person besides the President to receive permanent full-time Secret Service protection.
The reverse of the coin depicts Mrs. Wilson supporting her husband, who had suffered a massive stroke. His right hand holds a
cane, while her left hand rests warmly on his.