★★★★★ Native American / Sacagawea One Dollar Coins ★★★★★

2012, 2013 & 2014 Obverse Native American $1 Coin

Click to Enlarge
2000-S Sacagawea Dollar

Native American
Obverse

When enough time had passed, Congress finally overcome the embarrassment caused by the Anthony Dollar. The idea of a dollar coin was once again introduced in Congress. Congress and the U. S. Mint were determined not to make the same mistake with this new coin that the Anthony Dollar had experienced. This time, its resemblance to the quarter, was addressed from the outset. The "United States Dollar Coin Act of 1997," was specifically required to have "tactile and visual features that make the coin discernible, and distinctive so as not to be confused with the quarter.

A new design had been selected for the new dollar coin. It was to depict the young Shoshone woman who acted as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06. Sacagawea (pronounced Sa-CAG-a-wea), was her name. She is looking back over her shoulder while carrying her infant Jean Baptiste. No portrait of her from life are known, so, a model from the same tribe was recruited. Her name is Randy'L Teton.

Since the Mint's usage of the term "golden dollar" to describe this coin, many have come to believe it actually contains gold! It is actually comprised of two outside layers of manganese brass bonded to a core of pure copper. This alloy terms to a dark mustard color shortly after being circulated. The color change is scarcely known, except to coin collectors, since few are in everyday circulation.

The edge of the coins bears the Date, Mintmark and the inscription "E PLURIBUS UNUM".

2012 Type 5 Reverse Native American $1 Coin

Click to Enlarge
2011 Sacagaawea Dollar Coin Trade Routes of the 17th Century

Trade Routes
Type 5 (2012)

Date MintCirculation Strikes
Type 5 Trade Routes
2012-P2,800,000
2012-D3,080,000
Reverse DesignerSusan Gamble

While horses were indigenous to North America many thousands of years ago, they fortunately made their way to Europe and Asia before they dyeing out in North America. Later when explorers from Spain brought horses to North America, the Native Americans were enchanted by them. They saw them as spiritual or mythical figures. Of course, some of the horses escaped and soon, wild horses were roaming the countryside and the Great Plains.

Wild horses probably conjure up a picture of a majestic steed galloping along the countryside, its mane and tail waving in the breeze. To modern Americans, wild horses symbolize freedom. But, to the Native Americans who revered the wild horses, they took great care in capturing and training them for practical uses. They were always mindful of the horses' role in the spirit world. With the introduction of the wild horses, their culture and way of life broaden extensively. Now, the Native Americans were better equip to hunt for buffalo and other food. They could more easily trade or barter with other tribes and even with increased mobility, the could claim and control a larger area.

The reverse of the coin features a Native American and horse in profile with horses running in the background, representing the historical spread of the horse. The design includes the required inscriptions, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and $1.

2013 Type 6 Reverse Native American $1 Coin

Click to Enlarge
Delaware Treaty (2013 dollar)

1778 Treaty
Type 6 (2013)

Date MintCirculation Strikes
Type 6 1778 Treaty
2013-P1,820,000
2013-D1,820,000
Reverse DesignerSusan Gamble

Description: The reverse design features a turkey, howling wolf, and turtle (all symbols of the clans of the Delaware Tribe), and a ring of 13 stars to represent the Colonies. The design includes the required inscriptions, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and $1. The additional inscriptions include TREATY WITH THE DELAWARES and 1778. The Delaware Nation was the first Indian nation to enter into a treaty with the newly formed government of the United States; the treaty was signed on September 17, 1778.

Speakers of Algonquian languages refer to the Lenape (Delaware) as the grandfathers. It is said that at one time all the tribes who now speak the Algonquian languages were one tribe, but as the tribe grew, they all moved away in different directions.

The Lenape people were divided into three dialectal divisions, which later became the basis for the three Clans of the Lenape. These divisions were the Monsi (Munsee) or Wolf, the Unami or Turtle, and the Unilactigo or Turkey. Today the clans are known as the Tùkwsit (Wolf Clan), Pùkuwànko (Turtle Clan), and Pële (Turkey Clan). The Delaware Nation is the Pùkuwànko (Turtle Clan).

2014 Type 7 Reverse Native American $1 Coin

Click to Enlarge
Native Hospitality (2014 dollar)

Native Hospitality
Type 7 (2014)

Date MintCirculation Strikes
Type 7 Native Hospitality
2014-P3,080,000
2014-D2,800,000
Reverse DesignerChris Costello

Description: The reverse design depicts a Native American man offering a pipe while his wife offers provisions of fish, corn, roots and gourds. In the background is a stylized image of the face of Clark's compass highlighting NW. It includes the required inscriptions UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and $1.

One of the primary objectives of the Lewis and Clark expedition (as directed by President Jefferson) was to observe and record the whereabouts, lives, activities, and cultures of the various American Indian tribes that inhabited the newly acquired territory and the northwest in general. The expedition encountered many different tribes along the way, many of whom offered their assistance, providing the expedition with their knowledge of the wilderness and with the acquisition of food.