When enough time had passed, Congress finally overcome the embarrassment caused by the Anthony Dollar. The idea of a dollar coin
was once again introduced in Congress. Congress and the U. S. Mint were determined not to make the same mistake with this new
coin that the Anthony Dollar had experienced. This time, its resemblance to the quarter, was addressed from the outset.
The "United States Dollar Coin Act of 1997," was specifically required to have "tactile and visual features
the coin discernible, and distinctive so as not to be confused with the quarter.
A new design had been selected for the new dollar coin. It was to depict the young Shoshone woman who acted as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06. Sacagawea (pronounced Sa-CAG-a-wea), was her name. She is looking back over her shoulder while carrying her infant Jean Baptiste. No portrait of her from life are known, so, a model from the same tribe was recruited. Her name is Randy'L Teton.
Since the Mint's usage of the term "golden dollar" to describe this coin, many have come to believe it actually contains gold! It is actually comprised of two outside layers of manganese brass bonded to a core of pure copper. This alloy terms to a dark mustard color shortly after being circulated. The color change is scarcely known, except to coin collectors, since few are in everyday circulation.
The edge of the coins bears the Date, Mintmark and the inscription "E PLURIBUS UNUM".
|Date Mint||Circulation Strikes|
|Type 8 Iron workers|
|Reverse Designer||Ronald D. Sanders|
Description: The reverse design depicts a Mohawk ironworker reaching for an I-beam that is swinging into position,
rivets on the left and right side of the border, and a high elevation view of the city skyline in the background.
Inscriptions include Mohawk Iron workers and the required inscriptions
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and $1.
Mohawk came from Kahnawake and other reserves to work in the construction industry in New York City in the early through the mid-20th century. They had also worked in construction in Quebec. The men were iron and steelworkers who helped build bridges and skyscrapers. They worked from the 1930s to the 1970s on special labor contracts as specialists and participated in building the Empire State Building. The construction companies found that the Mohawk iron workers did not fear heights or dangerous conditions.
Since the mid-20th century, Mohawk have also formed their own construction companies. Others returned to New York projects. Approximately 200 Mohawk iron workers (out of 2000 total iron workers at the site) participated in rebuilding the One World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan.
|Date Mint||Circulation Strikes|
|Type 9 Code Talkers|
|Reverse Designer||Thomas D. Rogers Sr.|
Description: The reverse design features two helmets with the inscriptions
WWII, and two feathers that form a
symbolizing victory, unity, and the important role that these code talkers played. Additional inscriptions are
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Code talkers are people in the 20th century who used obscure languages as a means of secret communication during wartime. The term is now usually associated with the United States soldiers during the world wars who used their knowledge of Native American languages as a basis to transmit coded messages. In particular, there were approximately 400-500 Native Americans in the United States Marine Corps whose primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages. Code talkers transmitted these messages over military telephone or radio communications nets using formal or informally developed codes built upon their native languages. Their service improved the speed of encryption of communications at both ends in front line operations during World War II.
The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however, was pioneered by Cherokee and Choctaw Indians during World War I.