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U.S. Ten Cent Coins

Despite it's essential place in decimal coinage, the Dime was one of the last coins issued by the newly operational Mint. When it was first issued in 1796, the Mint had been making cents and half cents for three years; silver dollars, half dollars and half dimes for two years; and also the gold eagle and gold half eagle for a year.

The reason for this delay was that the demand for small silver coins was low. The need was already being filled by the Spanish One Real (worth one bit or 12 1/2 cents). Customers who had silver bullion to be minted usually wanted Dollars and had little interest in smaller silver coins. Even when production problems forced the Mint to stop making dollars, half dollars and half dimes were minted.

★★★★★ Draped Bust Ten Cent ★★★★★

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Draped Bust ten cent coin (Type 1) Obverse Draped Bust ten cent coin (Type 1) Reverse

Type 1 Draped Bust
Small Eagle (1796 1797)

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Draped Bust ten cent coin (Type 2) Obverse Draped Bust ten cent coin (Type 2) Reverse

Type 2
Heraldic Eagle

The decimal system was gaining acceptance about everywhere for its ease of use when calculating, yet no nation had adopted it as a monetary structure. The country's founders understood that it was not only a efficient and workable method of exchange for commerce, but that it also symbolized a break from the Old World.

The word "disme" or "dime" has never appeared on any regular-issue U.S. coin. But in 1792 about 1,500 half dismes and a handful of dismes were struck bearing those denomination or value, but, they are generally thought to be patterns or provisional pieces. However, four years would pass before the Mint produced the first 10 cent coins intended for circulation. Today, only three of these silver 1792 dismes are known and about 15 others in copper.

When production of dimes finally began the original coin design (flowing hair) had been replace by the Draped Bust design. The dime had missed an entire design cycle. The 1796 dime has fifteen stars, one for each state in the Union at that time. In 1797 some dimes were struck with sixteen stars (reflecting Tennessee's admission as the 16th state). Realizing that it would not be possible to continue adding stars, the design was changed to thirteen stars to symbolizing the thirteen original states.

Click to view & examples.

One trait it did have in common with other early issues was the fact that it had nothing that revealed its denomination. The reverse did undergo a change soon after going into production, the Small Eagle on the reverse of 1796 to 1797 was replaced by the Heraldic Eagle reverse of 1798 to 1807.

The Type 1 regular issue dime was only minted for two years. In 1798, the small more natural looking eagle was replaced by a larger Heraldic version, creating a new type. There are basically three varieties in the series: they are the Type 1 with 16 stars (1796 and part of 1797), the Type 2 with 13 stars (1797 only) and the Type 3 with the Heraldic eagle (1798 - 1807). While little research was available to numismatists for many years, some current variety specialists recognize eight varieties (some, however, may simply be errors).

     

Draped Bust Dimes Design & Mintage

Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
Type 1 & 2
1796 22,135
1797 25,261
Type 3 - 13 Stars
1798 27,550
1800 21,760
1801 34,640
1802 10,975
1803 33,040
1804 8,265
1805 120,780
1807 165,000
Type 1 Small Eagle
Obverse Designer: Robert Scot
Reverse Designer: John Eckstein
Diameter: 19.8 mm
Content: 89.2% silver 10.8% other
Weight: 2.7 grams
Edge: Reeded
Mint Mark Location: None

Type 2 Large Eagle
Reverse Designer: Robert Scot



Draped Bust Dime (Small Eagle) Grading

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Wear first begins to shows on the hair above the forehead and on the hair over her ear and shoulder and on the area where the bust meets the drapery line. On the reverse, pay attention to the center of the eagle’s breast and the ribbon.

Draped Bust Dime (Large Eagle) Grading

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Wear first begins to shows on the hair above the forehead and on the hair over her ear and shoulder and on the area where the bust meets the drapery line. On the reverse, pay attention to the center of the eagle’s breast and the ribbon.

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Capped Bust Ten Cent 1809 - 1837

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Capped Bust ten cent coin (Type 1) Obverse Capped Bust ten cent coin (Type 1) Reverse

Type 1 Capped Bust
Large Date (1809 1828)

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Capped Bust ten cent coin (Type 2) obverse Capped Bust ten cent coin (Type 2) reverse

Type 2 Capped Bust
Small Date (1829 1837)

German immigrant Reich began work as second engraver to Scot March of 1807. From 1807 to 1817 he performed most of the chief engraver's work until he resigned in 1817. He began work with cutting dies for his first Capped Bust coins, the 1807 half dollars. Upon completion of the half dollar, half eagle, cent and quarter eagle, Reich began work on the dime.

Reich's Capped Bust Liberty of 1809 was more streamlined than the previous Draped Bust Liberty. Many years later William Ewing Du Bois said that the model was a woman he called "Reich's fat German mistress."

1809 with the "Capped Bust" entered production with a new "Lifted Wings" eagle on its reverse. The new design also had the denomination on the reverse: 10c. which was of course an abbreviation for "ten cents". The coin stayed in production unchanged until 1837.

The Type 1 Capped Bust dime is often known as the "Large Size." A more accurate designation would be the "Open Collar" type. They were struck without a restraining collar which gave them a broad, low-rimmed appearance and a slightly larger diameter. They were actually 1.1 mm smaller than the Draped Bust dime which came just before it. The type 1 is only larger in relation to its smaller successor the type 2, issued from 1828 onward. In reality, diameters vary widely over the years. Most experts and authors of books on the subject agree that the size difference does not really constitute another variety.

All dates are available even in gem Uncirculated condition, but, the low mintage 1809, 1811 and 1822 are the scarcest. Some proofs, exist for the years 1820 and later. Unlike variety collectors, type collectors have few serious challenges with this series.

     

Capped Bust Specs.


Designer: John Reich
Content: 89.2% silver 10.8% copper.
Diameter: 18.9 millimeters
Edge: Reeded.
Weight: 2.7 grams
Mint Mark Location: None
Capped Bust Mintage

Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
Large Diameter
1809 51,065
1811 65,180
1814 421,500
1820 942,587
1821 1,186,512
1822 100,000
1823 440,000
1824 510,000
1825 0
1827 1,215,000
1828 125,000
Small Diameter
1829 770,000
1830 510,000
1831 771,350
1832 522,500
1833 485,000
1834 635,000
1835 1,410,000
1836 1,190,000
1837 359,500

Capped Bust Dime Grading

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When grading this series, take into account that weak strikes are common. On the obverse, wear will first show on the drapery at the front of the bust, the hair at the forehead and above the ear and the shoulder clasp. On the reverse, check the eagle's claws, neck, and wings.

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Liberty Seated 1837 - 1891

The concept for the "Liberty Seated" design came from U.S. Mint Director Robert Patterson. Patterson liked the strength conveyed in the seated "Brittania" and ask for a design of his "Liberty Seated" concept.

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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 1) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 1) Reverse

Type 1 Liberty Seated
w/o Stars (1837-1838)

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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 2) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 2) Reverse

Type 2 Stars no Drapery
(1838-1840)

The resulting design was hailed for more than its exquisite art. Many thought it symbolized empire building. The course of manifest destiny that the United States was embarking upon was certain to lead to a great empire tempered with democratic ideals. The design was placed on several coins, including the dime.

During its 55 years of use, "Liberty Seated under went many changes. The changes included, the obverse design featuring stars and no stars; with and without drapery at the elbow; with and without arrows at the date; with the legend on the front, or with the legend on the reverse.

On the first obverse, Liberty is seated within a clear, uncluttered fields. The first reverse design shows an open-ended wreath of two branches connected at the bottom with a ribbon tied into a bow, with the denomination One Dime, within in the wreath rather than a numerical designation. The regular 1837 issue includes Large and Small Date varieties.

The lack of stars (as on earlier coins) lead to some controversy, so in 1838 the United States Mint added thirteen stars along the obverse border encircling the portrait of Liberty. The stars would come to be regarded as a distinct component of the Seated Liberty series. In 1838 the economic depression led to hoarding of coins. For this reason, Hard Times tokens were being used as a money substitute.

From late-1840 onward Seated Liberty dimes displayed a fold of drapery at the crook of Liberty's elbow. Besides adding the drapery, Hughes adjusted Liberty's shield to sit more upright. According to sculptor Robert Ball Hughes, this was to give greater "respectability" to the coin. Some collectors believe he was simply looking for a job in hard times.

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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 3) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 3) Reverse

Type 3 Stars & Drapery
(1840-53 & 1856-60)

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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 4) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 4) Reverse

Type 4 Arrows at Date
(1853 1855)

1853, the price of Gold fell sharply in relationship to silver. This was thanks to the California gold rush. Silver became worth more than the tender price which resulted in wide spread melting of silver coins. To combat the melting of silver dimes the amount of silver in each coin was slightly reduced. To make these reduced weight coins easily distinguished from older and heavier coins, Chief Engraver James B. Longacre added arrowheads on both sides of the date.

By 1856 the public was use to the new weight of the silver coins, so the Stars obverse design, without arrows, returned in 1856, the weight remained the same, and continued until 1860, when the Legend Obverse design was issued.

In 1860, the Mint removed the stars from the dime, replacing them with UNITED STATES OF AMERICA along the obverse border. To fill the void left on the reverse by this motto's departure, the old wreath was replaced with a larger one that displayed a cereal wreath made up of corn, wheat, maple and oak leaves.


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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 5) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 5) Reverse

Type 5 Legend n/o Stars
(1860-73) (1875-91)

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Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 6) Obverse Liberty Seated Ten Cent Coin (Type 6) Reverse

Type 6 Legend with Arrows
(1873-1874)

After delaying three years, and holding numerous committee conferences discussing revisions, congress finally passed the Mint Act of 1873 was finally passed. The Act was usually referred to as the Crime of '73. It was alleged to have been passed by a sleepy Congress with little or no debate and very little consideration. At the time, neither the Congress or the public realized the new law's impact on the nation's coinage. The new law abolished the standard dollar (as opposed to the trade dollar). Also the new law abolished the two-cent piece, silver three-cent piece and silver half dime. It also increased the weight by a very small amount in the silver dime, quarter dollar and half dollar. It is this tiny change in weight that created a distinctly different type (Type 6) on the ten-cent pieces in the years 1873-74.

Placing arrowheads on either side of the date was previously used on half dimes, dimes, quarters and halves in 1853, '54 and '55. At that time they also signified a change in weight, but a decrease. The weight of these circulating coins was decreased to discourage their widespread hoarding and melting, as their intrinsic value was greater than their face value. One might speculate that the opposite could be true as well and could be the reason for adding more silver to these denominations twenty years later.

The legislators responsible for the Mint Act of 1873 were Senator John Sherman and Representative William Kelley. These two men believed United States coinage would be accepted worldwide and become a universal coinage system. Sherman and Kelley reasoned that the only obstacle for realizing this dream was to convert U.S. silver coinage to the metric system. So, a provision was included in the Mint Act that added a very small amount of the silver weight to the dime, quarter and half dollar. The dime, at that time weighed 2.49 grams; the Mint Act changed it to 2.5 grams. Such a small adjustment, it was believed, would make ten dimes, four quarters or two halves weigh exactly 25 grams, (which was also the weight of a French 5-franc piece).

Their dreams of a universal coin system soon melted in light of reality. They discovered that the value of minor coinage was independent of its weight in bullion. Small denomination coins only circulated where they can be exchanged for standard money or currency-silver dollars and gold coins.

Once the new design was released, officials began melting down coins dated 1873 w/o arrows. In so doing, they created one of the 19th century's most famous rarities, the 1873-CC No Arrows dime. Only one piece is known to survive melting.

     

Setting Liberty Ten Cent Specs.

Designer: John Reich
Content: 89.2% silver 10.8% copper.
Diameter: 18.9 millimeters
Edge: Reeded.
Weight: 2.7 grams
Mint Mark Location: 1853-1860: Below "DIME" on the reverse.
1860-1891: Below the ribbon bow on the reverse
Setting Liberty Ten Cent

Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
Type 1 Mintage (1837-1838)
1837 682,500
1838-O 406,034
Type 2 Mintage (1838-1840)
1838 1,992,500
1839 1,053,115 1839-O 1,323,000
1840 981,500 1840-O 1,175,000
Type 3 Mintage (1840-1853)
1840 377,500
1841 1,622,500 1841-O 2,007,500
1842 1,887,500 1842-O 2,020,000
1843-O 150,000
1844 72,500
1845 1,755,000 1845-O 230,000
1846 31,300
1847 245,000
1848 451,500
1849 839,000 1849-O 300,000
1850 1,931,500 1850-O 510,000
1851 1,026,500 1851-O 400,000
1852 1,535,500 1852-O 430,000
1853 95,000
Type 4 Arrows at Date (1853-1855)
1853 12,078,010 1853-O 1,100,000
1854 4,470,000 1854-O 1,770,000
1855 2,075,000
Type 3 resumed - Stars and Drapery (1856-1860)
1856 5,780,000 1856-O 1,180,000 1856-S 70,000
1857 5,580,000 1857-O 1,540,000
1858 1,540,000 1858-O 290,000 1858-S 60,000
1859 430,000 1859-O 480,000 1859-S 60,000
1860-S 140,000
Type 5 - Legend no Stars (1860-1873)
1860 606,000 1860-O 40,000
1861 1,883,000 1861-S 172,500
1862 847,000 1862-S 180,750
1863 14,000 1863-S 157,500
1864 11,000 1864-S 230,000
1865 10,000 1865-S 175,000
1866 8,000 1866-S 135,000
1867 6,000 1867-S 140,000
1868 464,000 1868-S 260,000
1869 256,000 1869-S 450,000
1870 470,500 1870-S 50,000
1871 906,750 1871-CC 20,100 1871-S 320,000
1872 2,395,500 1872-CC 35,480 1872-S 190,000
1873 1,568,000 1873-CC12,400
Type 6 - Legend with Arrows at Date (1873-1874)
1873 2,377,700 1873-CC 18,791 1873-S 455,000
1874 2,939,300 1874-CC 10,817 1874-S 240,000
Type 5 - resumed Legend no Stars (1875-1891)
1875 10,350,000 1875-CC 4,645,000 1875-S 9,070,000
1876 11,460,000 1876-CC 8,270,000 1876-S 10,420,000
1877 7,310,000 1877-CC 7,700,000 1877-S 2,340,000
1878 1,677,200 1878-CC 200,000
1879 14,000
1880 36,000
1881 24,000
1882 3,910,000
1883 7,674,673
1884 3,365,505 1884-S 564,969
1885 2,532,497 1885-S 43,690
1886 6,376,684 1886-S 206,524
1887 11,283,229 1887-S 4,454,450
1888 5,495,655 1888-S 1,720,000
1889 7,380,000 1889-S 972,678
1890 9,910,951 1890-S 1,423,076
1891 15,310,000 1891-O 4,540,000 1891-S 3,196,116

Setting Liberty Ten Cent Grading

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1838-O dimes come softly struck, especially at the head of Liberty and in the central parts of the design. In addition, the New Orleans coins saw immediate and heavy use. Mint state pieces are rare.

Distinguishing between mint state and circulated dimes of the No Stars type is not too challenging. The obverse design's high-points for wear are the knee, breast and head area. On the reverse, check the bow knot and the edges of the leaves.

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Liberty Head "Barber" 1892 - 1916

As early as 1879, members of the public concluded that the Seated Liberty design was second-rate. Mint Director James Kimball opened discussion about a public competition to redesign U.S. coins in 1891, Barber informed him that there was no one in the U.S. capable of assisting him with original designs. A similar objection was heard from one of the leading sculptors of the day, Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Saint-Gaudens told Kimball only four men in the world were competent to do this redesign: three were in France, and he was the fourth.

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Liberty Head 'Barber' Ten Cent Coin Obverse Liberty Head 'Barber' Ten Cent Coin Reverse

Liberty Head Dime
(1892 - 1916)

Kimball insisted it would be possible to find able designers in America and it was not necessary to go abroad. He commissioned a panel of ten of the leading artists and sculptors (including Barber and Saint-Gaudens) to judge which of the designs for the new coinage would be the best. The panels first act was to rejected the terms of the competition as proposed by Mint officials.

Edward O. Leech succeeded Kimball as Mint Director, but Leech was well aware of Kimball's problems. Leech avoided the problems by simply directing the chief engraver to draw new designs which, of course, is what Barber wanted all along. Barber's first design was similar to a British coin. Leech rejected it and proposed a Liberty head similar to several French coins of the Third Republic. Barber designed a Liberty bust wearing a Phrygian cap. The reverse was retained from the Seated Liberty series.

The Barber dime offers collectors a real challenge because of the large number of key and semi-key coins in the 74 coin set, and also because of the many sub-varieties. There are 13 coins with fewer than 1 million coins each for circulation.


     

Liberty Head (Barber) 10 Cent Specs.


Designer: Charles E. Barber
Diameter: 17.9 mm
Edge: Reeded
Metal Content: 90% silver, 10% copper
Weight: 2.5 grams
Mint Mark Location: Just below the wreath on the reverse
Three Mins Producing Liberty Head (Barber) Dimes


Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
1892 12,120,000 1892-O 3,841,700 1892-S 990,710
1893 3,340,000 1893-O 1,760,000 1893-S 2,491,401
1894 1,330,000 1894-O 720,000
1895 690,000 1895-O 440,000 1895-S 1,120,000
1896 2,000,000 1896-O 610,000 1896-S 575,056
1897 10,868,533 1897-O 666,000 1897-S 1,342,844
1898 16,320,000 1898-O 2,130,000 1898-S 1,702,507
1899 19,850,000 1899-O 2,650,000 1899-S 1,867,493
1900 17,600,000 1900-O 2,010,000 1900-S 5,168,270
1901 18,859,665 1901-O 5,620,000 1901-S 593,022
1902 21,380,000 1902-S 2,070,000
1903 19,500,000 1903-O 8,180,000 1903-S 613,300
1904 14,600,357 1904-S 800,000
1905 14,551,623 1905-O 3,400,000 1905-S 6,855,199
Four Mints in operation
Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
1906 19,957,731 1906-D 4,060,000 1906-O 2,610,000 1906-S 3,136,640
1907 22,220,000 1907-D 4,080,000 1907-O 5,058,000 1907-S 3,178,470
1908 10,600,000 1908-D 7,490,000 1908-O 1,789,000 1908-S 3,220,000
1909 10,240,000 1909-D 954,000 1909-O 2,287,000 1909-S 1,000,000
Back to Three Mins in operation
Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
1910 11,520,000 1910-D 3,490,000 1910-S 1,240,000
1911 18,870,000 1911-D 11,209,000 1911-S 3,520,000
1912 19,349,300 1912-D 11,760,000 1912-S 3,420,000
1913 19,760,000 1913-S 510,000
1914 17,360,230 1914-D 11,908,000 1914-S 2,100,000
1915 5,620,000 1915-S 960,000
1916 18,490,000 1916-S 5,820,000

Barber Dime Grading

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Grading Barber dimes is a relatively simple process. On high grade coins, signs of circulation will first appear on Liberty’s cheek and in the fields. For a coin to be uncirculated, all the mint luster must be uniform and unbroken over both sides.

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Winged Head Liberty "Mercury" Ten Cents 1916 - 1945

The Mint could not replace a coin design more frequently than every 25 years under an 1890 law. A misinterpretation of the this law caused Mint Director Robert W. Woolley to think he must replace the existing designs each 25 years of production. The Barber dime, quarter and half dollar, reached the quarter-century mark in 1916, and the Mint replaced all three.

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Winged Head Liberty (Mercury Head) Ten Cent Coin Obverse Winged Head Liberty (Mercury Head) Ten Cent Coin Reverse

Winged Liberty Dime
(1916 1945)

According to many collectors, the Mercury dime may be the most beautiful U.S. coin ever produced. It is surprising that this small coin could bare such an intricate and aesthetically pleasing design.

One thing the design does not depict, is Mercury, Mercury (the messenger of the gods in Roman mythology) had wings on his feet, not his hat. The obverse image is actually Liberty wearing a winged cap symbolizing freedom of thought. The coin is more correctly named the Winged Head Liberty dime. But the name Mercury, even though it was wrong, was applied to it early on and, after many years the usage has stuck.

The reverse image design of the coin depicts an ancient symbol of authority, the fasces, the battle-ax atop of it is to represent preparedness while the olive branch beside it signifies love and peace. With World War I in Europe was a blood bath, this was a very emotional theme in 1916.

One thing collectors should be aware of is the two doubled die varieties are among the most desirable Winged Liberty Head dimes. The most significant die varieties in the series are the 1942/1 and 1942/1-D Winged Liberty Head. While commonly called over dates, they are not over dates in the traditional sense. They are (more accurately) doubled dies, like the famous 1955 and 1972 Lincoln head Doubled Die cents. The two varieties were created when two dies were impressed first with a hub dated 1941, and then impressed again with a second hub dated 1942.

     

Winged Liberty Ten Cent Specs.

Designer: Adolph Alexander Weinman
Diameter: 17.9 millimeters
Weight: 2.5 grams
Content: 90% silver 10% copper
Edge: Reeded
Mint Mark Location: Just below the wreath on the reverse
Winged Liberty 10 Cent Mintage.

Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
1916 22,180,080 1916-D 264,000 1916-S 10,450,000
1917 55,230,000 1917-D 9,402,000 1917-S 27,330,000
1918 26,680,000 1918-D 22,674,800 1918-S 19,300,000
1919 35,740,000 1919-D 9,939,000 1919-S 8,850,000
1920 59,030,000 1920-D 19,171,000 1920-S 13,820,000
1921 1,230,000 1921-D 1,080,000
No Dimes Minted in 1922
1923 50,130,000 1923-S 6,440,000
1924 24,010,000 1924-D 6,810,000 1924-S 7,120,000
1925 25,610,000 1925-D 5,117,000 1925-S 5,850,000
1926 32,160,000 1926-D 6,828,000 1926-S 1,520,000
1927 28,080,000 1927-D 4,812,000 1927-S 4,770,000
1928 19,480,000 1928-D 4,161,000 1928-S 7,400,000
1929 25,970,000 1929-D 5,034,000 1929-S 4,730,000
1930 6,770,000 1930-S 1,843,000
1931 3,150,000 1931-D 1,260,000 1931-S 1,800,000
No Dimes Minted in 1932 & 1933
1934 24,080,000 1934-D 6,772,000
1935 58,830,000 1935-D 10,477,000 1935-S 15,840,000
1936 87,500,000 1936-D 16,132,000 1936-S 9,210,000
1937 56,860,000 1937-D 14,146,000 1937-S 9,740,000
1938 22,190,000 1938-D 5,537,000 1938-S 8,090,000
1939 67,740,000 1939-D 24,394,000 1939-S 10,540,000
1940 65,350,000 1940-D 21,198,000 1940-S 21,560,000
1941 175,090,000 1941-D 45,634,000 1941-S 43,090,000
1942 205,410,000 1942-D 60,740,000 1942-S 49,300,000
1943 191,710,000 1943-D 71,949,000 1943-S 60,400,000
1944 231,410,000 1944-D 62,224,000 1944-S 49,490,000
1945 159,130,000 1945-D 40,245,000 1945-S 41,290,000

Winged Liberty (Mercury) Ten Cent Grading

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Full bands are usually achieved when a coin is struck with new dies. Older dies may produce coins in Mint State, that do not have Full Bands.

Full Bands Example
FB_Merc

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Roosevelt Bust 1946 - Present

Dieing just before his great victories against the Great Depression and in World War II, the American public in 1945 was demanding a memorial to their beloved leader Franklin Delano Roosevelt. America’s only four-term president died at 63.

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Roosevelt Ten Cent Coin Obverse Roosevelt Ten Cent Coin Reverse

Roosevelt Dime
(1946 Present)

Because Roosevelt had been afflicted with polio, he began the March of Dimes in his first term to combat polio. It seemed fitting to place his portrait on the obverse of the dime. The reverse featured an upright torch (symbolizing freedom) flanked by branches of olive and oak (denoting peace and victory).

John Sinnock's initials JS provided controversy from the beginning. At that time, Americans were searching for Communists behind every corner and bush. A rumor began to spread that JS stood for the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

A unusual event in the Roosevelt Dime series took place at the West Point Mint in 1996. The 1996 W was included in the Mint's Uncirculated Set, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Roosevelt dime. It was the only dime to bare a 'W' mint mark.

The key to the Roosevelt dimes is the 1949-S. This is in spite of the 13 million coins struck.

Click to view Location from 1946 to 1964

Because of The Coinage Act of July 23, 1965 the composition of the dimes and quarter dollars were changed to two layers of copper-nickel with a pure copper center.

In 1965 through 1967 Mint marks were omitted from all coins regardless of where they were minted. The omission was in response to the Mint's belief that collectors were responsible for the coin shortages of 1963-65. When Mint Marks returned, they were located on the obverse just above the date.

In 1980, all denominations above One Cent struck at the Philadelphia Mint was required to have a P mint mark.

In 1996, the letter W first appeared on the dime. This is the first only appearance to date. It was struck at West Point, New York. In the beginning, it was sold only in Mint sets.

When grading the Roosevelt dime, the high points are FDR's hair and cheek and the flame and horizontal bands of the torch.

  

Roosevelt Bust Dime Specs.


Designer: John R. Sinnock
Weight: 2.5 grams
Diameter: 17.9 millimeters
Edge: Reeded
Content: 90% silver 10% copper
Mint Mark Legend: 1946 - 1967: To the left of the base of the torch on the reverse.
Roosevelt Bust Dime Mintage


Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
Silver Dimes Three Mints Operating
1946 255,250,000 1946-D 61,043,500 1946-S 27,900,000
1947 121,520,000 1947-D 46,835,000 1947-S 34,840,000
1948 74,950,000 1948-D 52,841,000 1948-S 35,520,000
1949 30,940,000 1949-D 26,034,000 1949-S 13,510,000
1950 50,130,114 1950-D 46,803,000 1950-S 20,440,000
1951 103,880,102 1951-D 56,529,000 1951-S 31,630,000
1952 99,040,093 1952-D 122,100,000 1952-S 44,419,500
1953 53,490,120 1953-D 136,433,000 1953-S 39,180,000
1954 114,010,203 1954-D 106,397,000 1954-S 22,860,000
1955 12,450,181 1955-D 13,959,000 1955-S 18,510,000
Date/Mint Circulation Strikes Date/Mint Circulation Strikes
Two Mints Operating
1956 108,640,000 1956-D 108,015,100
1957 160,160,000 1957-D 113,354,330
1958 31,910,000 1958-D 136,564,600
1959 85,780,000 1959-D 164,919,790
1960 70,390,000 1960-D 200,160,400
1961 93,730,000 1961-D 209,146,550
1962 72,450,000 1962-D 334,948,380
1963 123,650,000 1963-D 421,476,530
1964 929,360,000 1964-D 1,357,517,180
Clad Dimes Begin
1965 1,652,140,570
1966 1,382,734,540
1967 2,244,007,320
1968 424,470,400 1968-D 480,748,280
1969 145,790,000 1969-D 563,323,870
1970 345,570,000 1970-D 754,942,100
1971 162,690,000 1971-D 377,914,240
1972 431,540,000 1972-D 330,290,000
1973 315,670,000 1973-D 455,032,426
1974 470,248,000 1974-D 571,083,000
1975 585,673,900 1975-D 313,705,300
1976 568,760,000 1976-D 695,222,774
1977 796,930,000 1977-D 376,607,228
1978 663,980,000 1978-D 282,847,540
1979 315,440,000 1979-D 390,921,184
Philadelphia was required to have a P mint mark.
1980-P 735,170,000 1980-D 719,354,321
1981-P 676,650,000 1981-D 712,284,143
1982-P 519,475,000 1982-D 542,713,584
1983-P 647,025,000 1983-D 730,129,224
1984-P 856,669,000 1984-D 704,803,976
1985-P 705,200,962 1985-D 587,979,970
1986-P 682,649,693 1986-D 473,326,970
1987-P 762,709,481 1987-D 653,203,402
1988-P 1,030,550,000 1988-D 962,385,489
1989-P 1,298,400,000 1989-D 896,535,597
1990-P 1,304,340,000 1990-D 839,995,824
1991-P 927,220,000 1991-D 601,241,114
1992-P 593,500,000 1992-D 616,273,932
1993-P 766,180,000 1993-D 750,110,166
1994-P 1,189,000,000 1994-D 1,303,268,110
1995-P 1,125,500,000 1995-D 1,274,890,000
1996-P 1,421,163,000 1996-D 1,400,300,000
1996-W 1,457,000
1997-P 991,640,000 1997-D 979,810,000
1998-P 1,163,000,000 1998-D 1,172,300,000
1999-P 2,164,000,000 1999-D 1,397,750,000
2000-P 1,842,500,000 2000-D 1,181,700,000
2001-P 1,369,590,000 2001-D 1,412,800,000
2002-P 1,187,500,000 2002-D 1,379,500,000
2003-P 1,085,500,000 2003-D 986,500,000
2004-P 1,328,000,000 2004-D 1,159,500,000
2005-P 1,412,000,000 2005-D 1,423,500,000
2006-P 1,381,000,000 2006-D 1,447,000,000
2007-P 1,047,500,000 2007-D 1,042,000,000
2008-P 391,000,000 2008-D 624,500,000
2009-P 96,500,000 2009-D 49,500.000
2010-P 557,000,000 2010-D 562,000,000
2011-P 748,000,000 2011-D 754,000,000
2012-P 808,000,000 2012-D868,000,000
2013-P 1,086,500,000 2013-D 1,025,500,000
2014-P 1,125,000,000 2014-D 1,177,000,000
2015-P 1,497,510,000 2015-D 1,543,500,000
2016-P 466,500,000 2016-D 438,500,000

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